2. What Causes Hammer Toe?

According to the American Podiatric Medical Association, a hammer toe can develop when the muscles in the toes are not properly balanced or if the person has arthritis in the feet. Genetics can also play a role in hammer toe -- some people are genetically predisposed to develop the condition. Additionally, trauma or injury, or shoes that are too tight, short, or narrow, can lead to hammer toe.

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