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The human body is a balancing act, continually fuelling and cleansing itself via a myriad of systems. The liver helps filter waste products from the body but requires help from special enzymes, acids, and gasses to perform its duties. Bilirubin, a component in blood, can cause jaundice in newborn babies because their small bodies cannot filter out enough of the waste-byproduct. Other issues with medications and illnesses cause high and low levels of bilirubin, which can develop into disease.

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1. Bile Component

Bilirubin is a reddish-yellow compound in bile. The liver produces it for a variety of purposes that keep the human body healthy. Bilirubin is responsible for the characteristic yellow color of the skin and the whites of the eyes of people with jaundice. It also causes the yellowish tint common to healing bruises.

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