Bleeding disorders are conditions that prevent the blood from clotting properly. When the blood does not clot normally, individuals can experience excessive or prolonged bleeding after surgery, trauma, injury, or even menstruation. Bleeding can also occur out of nowhere with no apparent cause. Numerous factors can cause improper blood clotting, including blood component defects. Blood disorders such as hemophilia are inherited conditions. Others can co-exist with anemia or leukemia.
During the normal clotting process, blood platelets stick together to form a clot or “plug” at the site of a wound. Proteins in the blood then form a fibrin clot that holds the platelets in place, preventing them from escaping the blood vessel. The clot enables the healing of the injured area. Too much clotting can be problematic and can lead to heart attack or stroke. Not enough clotting can lead to excessive bleeding.
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