Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by the Leishmania parasite. Bites from infected phlebotomine sand flies transmit the disease. The condition itself presents in different ways, but the most common are cutaneous leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis. Fortunately, leishmaniasis is both treatable and curable.
There are two main types of leishmaniasis: cutaneous leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis. In cutaneous leishmaniasis, the parasite affects the skin; visceral leishmaniasis results in infection of the internal organs. In some cases, cutaneous leishmaniasis can also progress to involve the mucocutaneous tissues, which leads to a third form of the disease: mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.
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