The prostate gland is a walnut-sized gland located directly below the bladder in men. Its job is to produce the fluid that transports and nourishes sperm (semen). When a man’s prostate becomes swollen or inflamed, he has prostatitis. Prostatitis is temporary, and it is not to be confused with an enlarged prostate. According to the Mayo Clinic, prostatitis is most common in men under the age of 50, although it can occur at any age. To learn more about prostatitis, read the symptoms, causes, and treatments listed below.
Prostatitis symptoms may vary depending on the cause. Some of the most common symptoms include:
There are four types of prostatitis, and each type presents with different symptoms. These four categories are:
Depending on the type of prostatitis, it may be caused by different things. Bacteria may find its way into the prostate, causing acute or chronic bacterial prostatitis. Another thing which may cause prostatitis includes sexually transmitted diseases. Sometimes, the cause is unknown.
Men who are most at risk for developing prostatitis include:
If a bacterial infection causes prostatitis, antibiotics are used to treat it. In some cases, the patient will need to be hospitalized until the condition improves.
People with chronic prostatitis may need to look into the management of their conditions with lifestyle changes. Treatments may include:
Acute prostatitis normally goes away with a course of antibiotics. Without treatment, prostatitis can lead to complications such as acute urinary retention or prostate abscess.
Chronic prostatitis is more difficult to treat because in many cases the cause is unknown. Sometimes it can be treated, only to return later on.
According to the National Health Service (NHS) in the UK, there is no evidence that having prostatitis increases the risk of developing prostate cancer.
For more information on prostatitis, contact your healthcare provider.
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