Doctors diagnose acute prostatitis when a man's prostate becomes inflamed suddenly. The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland located just below the bladder in males. It is responsible for forming semen, the fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Prostatitis typically makes urination difficult and causes pain. It can also cause flu-like symptoms. The condition usually affects men 50 years of age and younger, but can also develop in older men.
Bacteria that cause urinary tract infections (UTIs) can also cause acute bacterial prostatitis, including Klebsiella, Proteus, and Escherichia. In addition, bacteria that cause sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause acute bacterial prostatitis as well.
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