Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common female genital infection. It affects the wombs, ovaries and other organs in the upper genital tract. It is most prevalent in women in the mid-teens to mid-20s. The illness sometimes develops from the bacteria that live in the vagina, or the woman becomes infected with a sexually transmitted disease (STD) such as gonorrhea. Doctors identify PID through an internal examination of the genital area. The doctor takes a swab and sends it for testing to the laboratory, but this test is not entirely reliable – a negative result does not prove that the patient is clean of PID.
Women with PID often experience pain while passing urine. As well as being very unpleasant, the discomfort it causes may raise unnecessary health concerns. A number of other types of urinary tract infections also cause such pain so by itself it offers no proof of the presence of PID. This problem often goes away without the need for treatment, or it is easy to cure with antibiotics. To discover if PID, or some other infection, is the source of these pains the doctor takes into account the patient's age and involvement in physical relationships.
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