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Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease which causes inflammation and dysfunction of the moisture-secreting glands of the eyes and mouth. Tears and saliva are decreased in people with Sjogren's syndrome, resulting in dry eyes and a dry mouth. This condition is often seen together with other immune system disorders, such as arthritis or lupus. Keep reading to find out more about Sjogren’s syndrome.

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1. Causes

An autoimmune disorder is when your immune system mistakenly attacks your body’s cells and tissues— in this case, it attacks the mucous membranes and moisture-secreting glands in the eyes and mouth.

There is no known cause of Sjogren’s syndrome, although this condition does seem to have a genetic factor. If a person in your family has another type of autoimmune disease, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, you may have a higher risk of developing Sjogren’s syndrome. Experts believe that this condition may be triggered by a combination of genetic, hormonal, environmental, and other factors. Also, most patients diagnosed with this condition are female.

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