Edema is a specific type of swelling that results from fluid trapped in the tissue after leaking from tiny blood vessels. It usually affects the arms, legs, ankles, and feet, though it can occur anywhere in the body. The symptom can develop in many ways, which translates to multiple treatment options, depending on the effects.


1. Swelling and Puffiness

One of the most common symptoms of edema is swelling, puffiness, or bloating. In most cases, this swelling is gravity-dependent because gravity pulls the fluid toward the ground. As such, the swelling will change as the affected person's body position changes. While standing, the fluid will pool in his or her feet, ankles, and lower legs. Laying on the back may transfer the swelling to the groin. This type of generalized edema is also called dependent edema, meaning it pools in the lowest part of the body.

fotostorm / Getty Images

More on Facty Health


This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional.