Electric shock is a flow of electrical current through a person's body. Damage to the skin or internal organs as a result of contact with electrical current is an electric injury. Electric shock can cause a minor twinge, mild to serious injuries, or death, depending on the circumstances and voltage. The human body conducts electricity well, so it travels through the body with ease. People can incur organ damage even if there is only a minor burn on the skin. The most common areas injured by electric shock are the heart, muscles, and brain.
There are four main routes of injury from electric shock. Cardiac arrest occurs due to the electrical effect on the heart. As the current travels through the body, it may damage muscles, nerves, and organs. Thermal burns result from contact with an electrical source. Indirect injuries can happen if the electrical shock causes a person to fall or the electricity starts a fire.
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