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Albinism is a genetic condition characterized by little to no melanin in the skin, eyes, and hair. This condition doesn't discriminate between races or sexes and affects one in 18,000 people in the United States. The majority of children born with this condition have parents with normal eye and hair colors. Over the years, researchers have come to know quite a lot about albinism.

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1. Causes of Albinism

Albinism is caused by a defective gene that produces and distributes melanin throughout the body. It is passed down through generations in families, from parents to children. If you carry the gene for albinism, it may be passed on to your child. The reduced melanin production means people with albinism have lighter than normal skin, eye, and hair color.

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