Dysentery is an inflammation of the intestine. Symptoms of this disease include pain, diarrhea, bloody stools, and often a fever above 101°F. Causes of dysentery include bacteria, protozoa, parasitic worms, and viruses. The disease can be fatal primarily due to its ability to cause severe dehydration. It is especially prevalent and most dangerous when it occurs in children, particularly those who live in less-developed countries. Treatment for dysentery includes medication and rapid rehydration, sometimes requiring an IV.
Mild bacillary dysentery is rare in developed countries with proper sanitation. However, the disease can still affect people. In most cases, this type of dysentery resolves without treatment, as long as the affected individual drinks plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. In more severe cases, one might need to visit a medical provider for antibiotics.
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