Rett syndrome is a neurological disorder in which there is a mutation in a single gene, the MECP2 gene, located on the X chromosome. This very rare syndrome mostly affects girls rather than boys. Rett syndrome, which is a lifelong condition, is genetically based, and there is no known cure. Symptoms can be managed, and early detection is key to making it easier for both the child affected and their family. The patient will need constant care for the rest of their life. Symptoms of Rett syndrome are similar to the symptoms of severe autism. It is important to differentiate between the two diseases to get a correct diagnosis.
The earliest known signs of Rett syndrome start at 6 months of age. Before then, the baby seems like any other healthy baby. Typically, Rett Syndrome is discovered in the first two years of the child's life. Symptoms can progress slowly or come on quite quickly. Rett Syndrome sufferers have stunted growth, which becomes more obvious as the child grows older. Those with the condition tend to be short in stature and underweight.
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