Kawasaki disease (KD) is an inflammatory vascular disease of unknown origin which occurs predominantly in children and can affect the heart vessels. It is more likely to appear in boys than girls and was described for the first time in pediatrician Tomisaku Kawasaki in 1967. Kawasaki disease is a leading cause of acquired heart disease in children, but with effective treatment, only a small percentage of children will have any permanent damage. The onset of symptoms of Kawasaki disease should quickly alert the parent to seek your physician’s advice. The average duration of KD is eight weeks.
Although fever is a common symptom in children, Kawasaki disease induced temperature is slightly different. It is a spiking fever often higher than 102.2 degrees Fahrenheit or 39 degrees Celsius. It lasts for 5 or more days in most cases. Inflammation of the entire body comes as one of the most natural responses of a young immune system, as it still has no actual way of fighting the disease. KD is not contagious and very rarely affects adults based on currently available data, possibly because their immune system is much more robust.
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