Stenosing tenosynovitis or trigger finger is inflammation of the tendon sheath that causes the affected finger to lock in a bent position and ranges from mildly annoying to very painful, depending on the severity. Medical intervention is often necessary for immediate relief, including surgery for more severe cases. Occupations that require repetitive motions such as typing or gripping exacerbate the condition. Trigger finger is also common among people with diabetes, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.
Repetitive motions over the long term causes the tendon sheaths in the fingers to swell and become painful. The reason some people are more susceptible to this condition than others is unknown. The pain eventually interferes with daily activities and can lead to other issues such as sleep deprivation, dependency on painkillers or anti-depressants, mood swings, and behavioral changes. Dealing with significant pain of any kind for an extended period can lead to secondary symptoms such as loss of appetite, unexplained weight loss or gain, and lack of concentration can adversely affect wellbeing.
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