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Congenital disabilities occur for various reasons. They can result from changes in genes or exposure to viruses or toxic chemicals. While some are harmless, others such as those that affect the heart may require life-long treatment. Sadly, severe disabilities account for 20 percent of infant deaths in the United States. Microcephaly is a rare congenital disability experts believe affects only 12 babies in 10,000.

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1. What is Microcephaly?

Microcephaly is a rare condition in which a baby’s head is significantly smaller than normal. Typically, this occurs when the brain does not develop fully during pregnancy, though sometimes the condition develops in the first few years of life. While it is often an isolated condition, meaning it does not occur with other major congenital disabilities, co-occurrence is possible.

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