2. When and why was Buckingham Palace built?

When John Sheffield became Duke of Buckingham in 1703, he built Buckingham House as a place to crash with his wife when he visited London. In 1820, George IV ordered a major makeover of the stately home for his wife, Queen Charlotte. He hired architect John Nash, who transformed it into a palace, adding three additional wings and a central courtyard. Sadly, he was fired soon after for going well over budget.

A view of the east wing of Buckingham Palace, London, circa 1960 Leonard G. Alsford / Getty Images

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