In the latter half of the 18th century, a series of laws and taxes began to upset the colonists. American colonists were prevented from trading with foreign countries by the Navigation Act and instead had to send all of their goods to England. This limited their ability to develop a strong economy. Taxes were also being raised on luxury goods and essential items alike, and colonists were not allowed to expand westward, which angered many of them. Colonists began to organize protests and other measures to get the attention of the politicians in Great Britain, but they were largely unsuccessful. In 1774, colonists created the First Continental Congress to govern themselves.
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