We learned about the five senses — sight, hearing, taste, touch, and scent — from our parents and preschool teachers. Scientists disagree on exactly how many senses we have, but many believe that we have between 14 and 20, including proprioception, the capacity to discern where our body is in relation to the space around us. A 2016 study in the New England Journal of Medicine found that people with a certain gene mutation have poor proprioception and are clumsier than those without the mutation. We depend on many more than the five senses taught since early childhood. Equilibrioception is the sense of balance that helps us walk upright and straight. Thanks to chronoception, we can sense the passage of time. Thermoception enables us to tell whether it’s hold or cold outside.
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