Quinine has been around for centuries but hit the mainstream over the last 350 years. During the early 17th century, it was reported to have cured the Spanish Countess Anna del Chinchon while she was in Peru. In 1677, it was published in the London Pharmacopoeia, making it more well-known to another part of the world. The last 200 years have seen this life-saving tonic water medicine become a profitable business enterprise.
Quinine is an organic plant-based compound that comes from the Peruvian cinchona tree. It was used by indigenous South American people long before coming to the attention of European explorers. It treated fevers and was effective against malaria, especially when the disease ran rampant. The name "quinine" comes from the Amerindian name for the plant, quinaquina.
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