Somatotypes are a way to classify human physique according to three basic builds. Ectomorphs have a slim body; mesomorphs have a strong, broad build; and endomorphs have increased fat and a rounded physique. An extreme endomorph has a large round abdomen and short arms and legs with a lot of fat on the upper limbs and thin wrists and ankles. Being an endomorph has many implications on a person's health, including what exercises are appropriate and the chronic health conditions to which they are prone.


1. Heath-Carter Somatotype Measurements

Heath-Carter measurements are one method used to determine somatypes. These measurements include height, weight, and the width of the epicondyles at the top of the humerus and femur. The circumference of the upper arm, forearm, waist, hips, thighs, and calves are also factored in, as are skin folds on the back, ribs, abdomen, biceps, forearms, thighs, and calves.

measurements heath carter adamkaz / Getty Images


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