Whether we are dieting or just eating for comfort, many of us have a love affair with carbohydrates. This explains the extensive searches and results for healthy carbohydrate options and the difficulty of sticking with a low- or no-carb diet. Not all carbs are created equal, however, and there are many differences between simple and complex carbohydrates.
The body digests and absorbs simple carbohydrates faster than complex carbohydrates. Simple carbs contain just one or two sugars, which many include fructose (fruits,) galactose (milk products,) sucrose (table sugar,) lactose (dairy products,) and maltose (beer and some vegetables.) Candy, soda, syrups, cookies, pastries, and pasta are examples of simple carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates come from white flour or refined sugar. These foods have little to no nutritional value and tend to cause spikes in blood sugar, leading to blood sugar highs and subsequent crashes. Simple carbohydrates should be enjoyed in moderation.
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