Pediatricians are physicians who specialize in the medical care and treatment of children. They monitor their patients' emotional, social, and physical development from birth through adolescence and up to the age of 21. Finding the right pediatrician takes time, energy, and research, but it is an important decision for parents to make.

Referrals from Other Physicians

One of the best sources for choosing a pediatrician is a referral from another physician. Obstetrician-gynecologists and their staff members can often help expectant parents in their search. Major medical centers, hospital networks, and community hospitals can provide lists of pediatricians that practice in the area. Families relocating to an unfamiliar area can obtain recommendations for potential physicians from their current pediatrician.

cropped image of pregnant woman talking to doctor with video chat


Recommendations from Others

Family, friends, and co-workers with children are more great sources for narrowing down a list of possible pediatricians. Online reviews and ratings can be helpful, but consider only those that provide feedback from patients. Social media parenting groups are a useful starting point for identifying popular local pediatric practices. They can also provide insight into the overall atmosphere, personalities, and policies of those practices.

two pregnant friends talking and having coffee


Board Certification and Credentials

Certification from the American Board of Pediatrics shows that a physician has had specific and ongoing training covering all aspects of children’s health. It also indicates that they have passed a comprehensive examination covering the full spectrum of infant, child, and young adult health. These physicians have the designation of FAAP (Fellows of the American Academy of Pediatrics) after their name, along with any specializations. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) website provides an online tool to search for local board-certified pediatricians.

smiling doctor with diploma framed in background


Medical Societies and Associations

Healthcare societies and associations are excellent sources for parents researching potential pediatricians. Local, county, and state medical societies can provide lists of accredited pediatricians in a geographic area and identify those accepting new patients.

pregnant woman doing research on her laptop



In some cases, the pediatrician will refer a child to a colleague, such as a pediatric cardiologist or neurologist — physicians who have extended training for treating a specific disease or condition. If the pediatrician does not provide a referral, parents can usually find a specialist through their health system or a pediatric hospital.

pediatric specialist showing little girl patient her MRI results


Location and Hours

In addition to a pediatrician’s qualifications, consider convenience. Finding a practice that is close to home or work and offers reasonable office hours makes life easier. Look for pediatricians who accommodate same-day appointments for illnesses. They should also provide phone numbers and online messaging portals for after-hour or weekend emergency calls and communications. Telehealth visits are a popular and convenient service that more and more pediatricians are starting to provide.

doctor in office window turning sign to closed


Practice Size

For parents who prefer to develop a personal rapport with their child’s pediatrician, smaller practices can meet those expectations. On the other hand, larger practices have more pediatricians and can treat a larger number of patients. They can also provide greater access for same-day appointments, along with a better selection of convenient appointment times. A 2013 study showed that these larger practices offered worse continuity of care, however.

row of people waiting in a doctor's office waiting room


Interview Potential Pediatricians

Making an informed decision when choosing a pediatrician ensures a higher quality of care for the child. Interviewing a pediatrician one-on-one allows the parents to determine how comfortable they feel with the practitioner and determine his or her level of interest and professionalism. Prepare a list of questions to ask during the interview. The pediatrician should be open and willing to provide information about their education, professional experience, and treatment philosophies.

young doctor high-fiving little boy while mother smiles


Consider Other Types of Medical Professionals

Pediatricians are not the only option when it comes to medical care for children. Family medicine doctors and osteopathic doctors are also options, as long as they are board-certified. Nurse practitioners have advanced clinical training and some specialize in pediatrics in all types of medical settings, including private practices. These licensed, trained professionals give shots, interpret diagnostic tests, prescribe medicines, and perform medical examinations.

young nurse giving a little girl a shot


Trust Those Instincts

The AAP recommends that children see their pediatricians a minimum of seven times for well-child checkups during their first year of life. The relationship between the physician, the parent, and the child should be a trusted one. Finding a pediatrician who is qualified, personable, listens to the parent’s concerns, and addresses health issues in a professional way is important for the long-term health of the child. If you don't get a good "vibe" off of a doctor you've interviewed, or even one your child has already seen a few times, consider why that is. Should you look for someone else?

smiling doctor using a stethoscope with a toddler patient


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This site offers information designed for educational purposes only. You should not rely on any information on this site as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment, or as a substitute for, professional counseling care, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, you should always consult with a physician or other healthcare professional.