Temporal arteritis is a systemic, rheumatological disease that affects the entire body. In the U.S., 278 people in 100,000 have an increased risk of developing this condition, with the majority being women of northern European or Scandinavian descent. Acting quickly to manage temporal arteritis is key to staving off complications, so it is important to recognize the signs and symptoms.

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1. What Is Temporal Arteritis?

Also known as Horton's or giant cell arteritis, temporal arteritis is swelling of the lining of small and medium blood vessels near the temples, including the superficial temporal arteries. Other affected arteries include the carotid artery, which supplies blood to the brain, face, and neck; the subclavian, which supplies the thorax, arms, shoulders, and head; and the iliac arteries, which derive from the aorta and supply the sacroiliac region in the pelvis.

temporal giant cell arteritis arteries RoyalFive / Getty Images
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