2. Signs and Characteristics

Enuresis has a single characteristic symptom: loss of bladder control. However, this loss of control can develop in many ways and has various causes. Often, bladder dysfunction accompanies enuresis, the signs of which include

  • An overwhelming urge to urinate, frequent urination, and urinary tract infections.
  • Incontinence that occurs under abdominal pressure, such as coughing.
  • Delaying urination in certain situations, such as avoiding public toilets.
  • Incontinence that occurs while laughing.



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