One of the most-prescribed methods for easing discomfort in and cleaning the perineal area is a sitz bath. Doctors recommend this hydrotherapy to patients following injury, surgery, or medical conditions affecting the perineum. Although nursing staff may administer sitz baths in a medical facility, they are easy to carry out at home, as well.
A sitz bath requires sitting in warm, shallow water that covers only the hips and buttocks, with the aim of soaking and cleansing the perineal area around the anus. Although sitz baths may help relieve pain and discomfort, studies do not show they accelerate wound healing. Some physicians recommend adding salt, vinegar, baking soda, or an antiseptic like povidone-iodine to the sitz bath.
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