Tendinitis causes inflammation, irritation, or tearing of the thick, fibrous tissues that connect muscle to bone. This usually occurs due to heavy exertion of isolated muscle groups, whether due to sports or repetitive motion. Characterized by pain and stiffness, tendinitis also causes swelling or lumps and restricted movement in the injured tendon. Treatment typically aims at relieving pain, reducing inflammation, and restoring range of motion and strength.
When pain and inflammation are mild or moderate, doctors may prescribe painkillers or recommend over-the-counter options. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs are a standard choice. Topical creams and sprays with anti-inflammatory properties also provide relief, especially among those prone to the side effects of even mild painkillers. People for whom these treatments prove useful may not require additional methods beyond resting the injured area. In some cases, however, the patient may require stronger medication or therapies.
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