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2. Geographic Prevalence

Plasmodium falciparum is the most common type of malaria and is mostly found in Africa. It causes the most deaths worldwide. Plasmodium vivax is prevalent in Asia and South America. Symptoms tend to be mild, but this type can stay dormant in the liver for up to three years. Plasmodium ovale can stay dormant with no symptoms for several years and is found only in West Africa. Plasmodium malariae is also in Africa but very rare. Plasmodium knowlesi is common in southeast Asia.

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