Researchers are still attempting to understand how and why demyelination occurs. Inflammation plays a major role in damaging the sheath, but the trigger is unclear. Some experts believe that genetics and environmental factors such as infections or exposure to chemicals are responsible. Studies show that organophosphate poisoning from weed killers and insecticides can cause nerve demyelination. It’s also possible that vitamin B12 deficiency is responsible. Genetics, autoimmune reactions, infectious agents, and other unknown issues can all cause demyelination disease.
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