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2. Stages Of Identity Formation

A researcher named James Marcia took Erikson's theory to another level by creating four statuses of identity formation. Understanding these statuses can help clarify what constitutes an identity crisis:

  • Identity achievement is characterized by active exploration and a resulting commitment to an identity that feels comfortable.
  • Identity moratorium refers to the active exploration of identity before committing to one.
  • Identity foreclosure refers to someone who has not investigated their identity but has committed to one chosen for them.
  • Identity diffusion refers to someone who is apathetically opposed to exploring and committing to any identity.
formation identity crisis wundervisuals / Getty Images
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