A 2012 study attempted to uncover the effects a phone has on a face-to-face conversation. Over two experiments, researchers found phones had negative effects on the closeness of the individuals and how they felt about the conversation. Specifically, most participants stated they felt less connected to their conversational partner. Additional factors such as the phone being on or in use did not affect the outcome. The mere presence of the phone was enough to make people feel less connected.
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