Researchers are still not sure what causes dyscalculia, though there are many contributing factors. Evidence shows that the condition tends to run in families, and one possibility is an inheritable gene. Some experts suggest that dyscalculia is the result of differences in brain development. One study suggests that children with dyscalculia have slower brain development and are as far as five years behind in numerical acuity. Environment may also play a role. For example, if a child's parent refuses to help them with math homework because that parent previously struggled with the subject, the child is more likely to have issues learning math.
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