The prostate sits below the bladder near the urethra. It tends to get larger with age and can begin pressing on the urethra of men over age 40, which causes painful, difficult, or frequent urination. Bacterial infections, benign abnormal growths and cancer can cause an enlarged prostate. Men over age 50 are at greater risk of prostate cancer, particularly if there's a family history. African American men have the highest chance of developing the disease.
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