Meningitis is a severe inflammatory condition that affects the innermost layer of the meninges (the delicate membranes that protect both the brain and the spinal cord), called the arachnoid layer, and the fluid that circulates in the ventricles and the subarachnoid space- the cerebrospinal fluid. It is categorized as a medical emergency. Typically, Meningitis is caused by infections that are transmitted by microorganisms, particularly bacteria and viruses. Anyone can be affected by meningitis. However, children under five years and teenagers are the most at risk of bacterial infection due to meningococcus. In some cases, other diseases can have an impact on the meninges as do certain drugs as well. If meningitis is detected in the early stages, a range of treatments including antibiotics, antiviral drugs, and corticosteroids may be prescribed, based on what is causing the infection. Early detection is of utmost importance. It is then advised that one be vigilant vis-a-vis their health. If symptoms of meningitis happen to manifest, seek immediate medical assistance. These are ten signs to watch out for- they may signal the contraction of meningitis.
People with both bacterial and viral meningitis tend to have a temperature. With bacterial meningitis, the fever usually presents itself suddenly, reaching high temperatures that can be anxiety provoking. This high-temperature patients may experience cold hands or feet. Viral meningitis causes low-grade fever in most instances that easily subsides with over the counter medication. The fever in both cases is accompanied by chills as well, often leading people to confuse meningitis with common flu.
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