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2. Ancient Herbalism

The earliest written accounts of herbalism date back to ancient Sumeria who, along with Ancient Egypt and the Indus Valley, was one of the first major civilizations. A clay slab listed 12 recipes for various drugs that used around 250 plants between them. Herbs such as poppy, henbane, and mandrake appeared on the tablet. Other cultures also had herbals listing plants, their uses, and possible combinations. Ancient Egypt, India, and China have detailed and translatable journals that provide modern insight into cultural herbalism.

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