Because of the complexity of this joint, shoulder impingement can refer to a range of symptoms involving any of these structures. Generally, shoulder impingement results from overuse. As a person uses their shoulder more, there is an increasing chance that tendons, bursae, or other soft tissues will become compressed between the bones of the shoulder. This is often due to repetitive overhead movement. Because athletes like swimmers and tennis players regularly use lots of force, along with constant shoulder movements, they are prone to shoulder impingement.
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