2. Abnormal Response

Nearly every type of disease elicits a cytokine response indicative of inflammation somewhere in the body. In a normal reaction, understanding how cytokines react as regulators could help determine treatments. When a cytokine storm occurs, though, the immune response is excessive and causes critical damage to the body. Treatment shifts to maintaining an appropriate cardiac output, oxygenation, ventilation, and fluid and electrolyte balance.

excessive critical damage HRAUN / Getty Images
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