Hemophilia, or haemophilia, is an inherited genetic disease. It is a blood disorder characterized by a lack of blood clotting proteins, which are normally made in the bone marrow. There are thirteen different blood clotting proteins, or blood factors, that work with platelets, for blood to clot successfully. Without sufficient blood clotting, there can be excess bleeding, both internally, and externally. There are types of hemophilia - A, B and C. One in ten thousand people is born with hemophilia.

Eighty percent of the cases are Type A, which exhibits low factor VIII. In extremely rare cases, it is possible, to develop hemophilia after birth. This is caused when antibodies are formed in the immune system that then attacks the blood clotting proteins. The severity of the disease depends on the seriousness of the factor deficiency, and in extreme cases, spontaneous bleeding can occur. Symptoms include blood in the urine, or stool, unexplained bruises, frequent nosebleeds, and bleeding gums. Treatment includes prescription hormones, blood transfusions containing clotting agents, and plasma infusions.


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