Josef Gerstmann first described the syndrome in 1924. An Austrian-born neurologist, he completed his medical degree at the Medical University in Vienna. After emigrating to the United States in the late 1930s, Gerstmann worked at several institutes including Ohio State Hospital, St. Elisabeth Hospital, and Goldwater Memorial Hospital. For several years, he also worked as a research associate. In addition to describing Gerstmann Syndrome, he is one of the first physicians to have reported Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker Syndrome in 1936.
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