Henoch-Schonlein purpura is a vascular disease of the circulatory system. The primary symptoms are gastrointestinal, and also affect the skin and joints. Henoch-Schonlein purpura is more common in children, though it does occur in adults. While not chronic and rarely leading to long-term complications, in adults, the symptoms of the disease are typically more severe and last longer. The condition generally resolves on its own without treatment, and over-the-counter or prescription medication can alleviate symptoms.
The presentation of Henoch-Schonlein purpura was first described at the turn of the nineteenth century by William Heberden, a physician in London. Heberden reported on the condition of a child in his care with symptoms now understood to characterize the disease. Later in the 1800s, the namesakes of the condition, Johann Schonlein and Edouard Henoch, reported further findings on the disease. These findings included the potential cause of Henoch-Schonlein purpura as well as variations in prognoses.
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