2. The Acid-Base Balance

Maintaining the acid-base balance is essential for the body to function properly. Because it is so important to maintain a pH within a certain range, the body compensates in many ways. The lungs and kidneys play essential roles in maintaining this balance. The lungs' role is to blow off or retain carbon dioxide, and the kidneys release bicarbonate.

Acid Base Balance ikryannikovgmailcom / Getty Images
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