Hyperuricemia occurs when the blood contains too much uric acid. This excess can lead to gout, kidney issues, cardiovascular problems, and more. Uric acid is the product of the metabolic breakdown of purines and is a standard element of urine. The many causes of hyperuricemia mean symptoms may be different from person to person, causing either increased or decreased production of uric acid, or a combination of the two.


1. Purine-Rich Diet

One of the simplest causes of hyperuricemia is eating and drinking too many high-purine foods and beverages. These include

  • All types of alcoholic beverages
  • Fish and shellfish such as mussels, scallops, haddock, trout, sardines, herring, anchovies, and herring
  • Game meats such as venison and turkey
  • Organ meats like liver
  • Bacon

Some foods have moderate purine levels but can still contribute to hyperuricemia. These include

  • Common meats like beef, chicken, duck, pork, and ham
  • Shellfish, including oysters, lobsters, crab, and shrimp
alcoholic beverages purines HRAUN / Getty Images


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