Doctors prescribe anticoagulants for patients for a number of reasons. According to a 2015 study from the National Institutes of Health, a growing number of people have congenital heart disease. For those born with a congenital heart defect, anticoagulants can prevent thrombotic events. Because anticoagulants slow down blood clotting, they prevent complications such as valve obstructions. A physician may also prescribe anticoagulants for those with deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolisms, or pulmonary hypertension.
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