Doctors often prescribe anticoagulants for patients with a history of atrial fibrillation or abnormal heart rhythm, phlebitis, or congestive heart failure. This blood thinner option may also help individuals after a heart valve replacement or other surgical procedure. Anticoagulants block the clotting factors that help form the fibrin mesh that creates blood clots, therefore decreasing the chance of a clot. These drugs significantly reduce the risks of heart attacks, strokes, and blockages in the arteries or veins and come in oral and subcutaneous varieties.
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