Blood clots, referred to as venous thromboembolism (VTE) among medical professionals, are the leading cause of death in the U.S., yet they are preventable and treatable with blood thinners, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Those who have experienced an injury to a vein, are experiencing slow blood flow, or have an increased amount of estrogen in their body are at higher risk for developing blood clots. Doctors prescribe blood thinners to help reduce this threat.
Doctors often prescribe anticoagulants for patients with a history of atrial fibrillation or abnormal heart rhythm, phlebitis, or congestive heart failure. This blood thinner option may also help individuals after a heart valve replacement or other surgical procedure. Anticoagulants block the clotting factors that help form the fibrin mesh that creates blood clots, therefore decreasing the chance of a clot. These drugs significantly reduce the risks of heart attacks, strokes, and blockages in the arteries or veins and come in oral and subcutaneous varieties.
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