Menstruating women are at the highest risk for toxic shock syndrome, but this does not mean other people cannot contract the infection. Aside from women who use tampons, toxic shock can afflict women who use diaphragms, cervical caps, and menstrual sponges. Giving birth also puts one at a higher risk for toxic shock syndrome, due to staph's prevalence in hospitals. Toxic shock can also affect males and females who have recently had surgery, an open wound or burn, or a prosthetic limb.
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