One of two bacteria with which many people are familiar cause toxic shock syndrome: staph and strep. Staphylococcus aureus (staph) bacteria often exists in hospital settings and inside some menstruating women. This bacteria releases toxins inside the body that can lead to toxic shock. More rarely, A streptococcus (strep) bacteria causes TSS. The toxins cause severe symptoms such as extreme drops in blood pressure, which can lead organs to shut down.
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