Inflammation of the membrane lining the stomach and tissues surrounding the liver causes Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome. This is a type of peritonitis -- inflammation of the peritoneum, the membrane lining the inner abdominal wall and covering the internal organs. In some people, the diaphragm muscle between the stomach and chest also becomes infected and inflamed. The violin-string pattern of adhesions between the liver and abdominal wall or diaphragm are unique to Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome and do not occur in other forms of peritonitis.
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