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2. Risk Factors

Veterinarians, people who work in meat processing or dairy industries, livestock farmers, and animal researchers are at increased risk of contracting C. burnetii, though it is more common in older people. Men have higher rates of infection because on average more men have jobs in high-risk fields than women. People with a history of heart valve defects and other heart conditions are more likely to develop chronic infections and complications. Those with weakened immune systems, and pregnant women, are also at higher risk of chronic infection.

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