The ureters start at the tip of the funnel-shaped renal pelves that emerge out of the kidneys. After exiting the kidneys, the ureters run along the anterior or front side of the psoas major muscle that connects the top and lower halves of the body. The ureters then pass over the brim of the pelvis, where the iliac arteries divide into branches. They enter the bladder at its opening from the back or posterior side. The ureter path is different in females, running below the uterine artery.
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