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The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. They have two functions; the first is to produce sex hormones that dictate the physical characteristics of females and trigger ovulation and the menstrual cycle. The second is to produce eggs or ova, which travel through the fallopian tubes and into the uterus during ovulation.

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1. Location

The ovaries sit on either side of the uterus, along the peritoneum, in a shallow indentation called the ovarian fossa. They lie between the internal and external iliac vessels, the main blood supply for the abdominal organs and legs. The ovaries are they are somewhat mobile, so their location may change slightly depending on a variety of factors.

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